BULLET RESISTANCE CLASSES ACCORDING EN 1063, 1522
The bulletproof classifications
The bulletproof classifications in accordance with
Euro Standard EN 1522
have applied since the end of 1998.
Until now, nearly every European country had its own bulletproof classifications with different tests conditions.
The new Euro Standard EN 1522 now applies all over Europe and replaces all bulletproof standards that have applied in these countries until now.
The new Euro Standard applies to all bulletproof doors, windows, shutters, transfer trays and all other bulletproof materials. Euro Standard EN 1522 also requires that any glass incorporated into structures be tested in accordance with the corresponding Euro Standard EN 1063.
Besides type of weapon and calibre, the new Euro Standard also defines the manner in which tests have to be carried out.
Instead of the five previous bulletproof classifications (Material: M1 to M5 – Glass: C1 to C5), there are now seven bulletproof classifications (Material: FB1 to FB7 – Glass: BR1 to BR7).
In addition, there is a new resistance classification for rifles (Material: FSG – Glass: SG2).
A key point during all testing is whether material or glass on the inside of the part splinters off.
For this reason the test results get the additional remark:
S = splinters
NS = shatterproof
The table below compares the bulletproof classification DIN 52 290 that was previously valid in Germany with the new Euro Standard EN 1522.
This comparison, however, is misleading.
Our tests proved:
A 12 mm thick steel plate stood up to an M4 test in accordance with DIN 52290, whereas it was shot through during an FB6 test in accordance with Euro Standard EN 1522.
Bulletproof glass in accordance with DIN 52 290 stood up to a C4 test in accordance with DIN 52290, whereas it was shot through during a BR6 test in accordance with EURO Standard EN 1063.
COMPARISON OF PREVIOUS DIN 52290 WITH CURRENT EURO STANDARD EN 1522
|class DIN EN 1522||correlation with Test conditions of the LKA B.-W. May 1982||Classification Glass DIN EN 1063||correlation with Glazing DIN 52 290 Part 2|
|FB 1||-||BR 1||-|
|FB 2||M 1||BR 2||C 1|
|FB 3||M 2||BR 3||C 2|
|FB 4||M 3||BR 4||C 3|
|FB 5||-||BR 5||-|
|FB 6||M 4||BR 6||C 4|
|FB 7||M 5||BR 7||C 5|
|classification and requirements for rifle tests|
Nearly all SITEC products, doors and partition walls have meanwhile been adapted and technically tested to the much higher requirements of the new EURO Standard EN 1522.
THE PREVIOUS DIN STANDARD 52 290
Table 1: test conditions
|kind of use||Calibre||Projectile||Firing Distance (m)|
|type *)||mass |
(g) +/- 0,1
|1||9 mm x 19||VMR/WK||8||355 bis 365||3|
|2||357 Magnum||VMKS/WK||10,25||415 bis 425||3|
|3||.44 Magnum||VMF/WK||15,55||435 bis 445||3|
|4||7,62 mm x 51||VMS/WK||9,45||785 bis 795||10|
|5||7,62 mm x 51||VMS/HK||9,75||800 bis 810||25|
|*)||VMR/WK: Full-jacketed, round nose bullet with soft core
VMF/WK: Full-jacketed, flat nose bullet with soft core
VMKS/WK: Full-jacketed, conical-tip bullet with soft core
VMS/WK: Full-jacketed, pointed nose bullet with soft core
VMS/HK: Full-jacketed, pointed nose bullet with hard core
Table 2: division of attack-resistant glass into classifications of resistance to shots passing through
|kind of use||resistance class to shots passing through|
|no shot passing through shatterproof||No shot passing through splinters|
|1||C1 - SF||C1 - SA|
|2||C2 - SF||C2 - SA|
|3||C3 - SF||C3 - SA|
|4||C4 - SF||C4 - SA|
|5||C5 - SF||C5 - SA|
THE NEW EURO STANDARD EN 1522
Table 1: classification and requirements for tests with handguns and rifles
|class||type of weapon||calibre||munition||Test conditions of the shot|
|Type||mass g||Firing Distance M||Firing speed m/s|
|FB 1||rifle||22 LR||L/RN||2,6 ± 0,1||10 ± 0,5||360 ± 10|
|FB 2||handgun||9 mm Luger||FJ(1)/RN/SC||8,0 ± 0,1||5 ± 0,5||400 ± 10|
|FB 3||handgun||357 Mag.||FJ(1)/CB/SC||10,2 ± 0,1||5 ± 0,5||430 ± 10|
44 Rem. Mag.
|10,2 ± 0,1
15,6 ± 0,1
|5 ± 0,5
5 ± 0,5
|430 ± 10
440 ± 10
|FB 5||rifle||5,56 x 45*||FJ(2)/PB/SCP1||4,0 ± 0,1||10 ± 0,5||950 ± 10|
|FB 6||rifle||5,56 x 45*
7,62 x 51
|4,0 ± 0,1
9,5 ± 0,1
|10 ± 0,5
10 ± 0,5
|950 ± 10
830 ± 10
|FB 7||rifle||7,62 x 51**||FJ(2)/PB/HC1||9,8 ± 0,1||10 ± 0,5||820 ± 10|
Flat Nose bullet
Hard Cast bullet, mass (3,7 ± 0,1 g), hardness over 63 HRC
Pointed nose bullet
Round nose bullet
Soft core bullet (Lead)
Soft-centre projectile (Lead) with steel reinforcement (Type SS 109)
Full-jacketed bullet , steel
Full-jacketed bullet , copper
|*||In order to meet the requirements for calibre (5.56 x 45), a range of (178 ± 10 mm) is recommended|
|**||In order to meet the requirements of class FB 7, a range of (254 ± 10 mm) is recommended|
|Note 1:If only one shot is fired, the test distance can be reduced, in order to achieve the accuracy required by EN 1523 : 1998, section 6. In this case it may not be possible to measure the firing speed.
Note 2: In order to be classified FB 4 or FB 6, the material has to be tested with both of the above mentioned types of weapon.